The Biography of Esteemed Philosopher and Researcher, Ostad Seyyed Ali Mousavi
Ostad Mousavi’s birthplace and his living place
He was greatly enamoured with the clerical clothing and acquiring
knowledge and science from early childhood.
He started school at the age
of five, and after six months, he successfully completed a course in
recitation of the Holy Quran.
Thereafter, he studied a few books including Sad Kalameh (100
words) on the marriage of the daughter of Prophet Muhammad, Hazrat Fatima Zahra
(SA), Tufan Al-boka (Thunder of
Tears), a eulogy for Imam Hussain
(AS) and Tarassol which was an
introduction for the students of theology.
At the age of six, he started learning the Jame al-Moqadamat and
Sharh Amsaleh with his father. His pilgrimage to Imamzadeh Hamzeh and Seyyed
Morteza in Kashmar marked the beginning of his academic endeavour where he
enrolled in a theological school, called Ayatollah Haj Sheikh after some
preliminary stages. That was the beginning of his theological studies and in
fact that of the surging of his knowledge.
He acquired the preliminaries of Arabic lessons through a devout
scientist, the late Fazel Muqany and the preliminaries of religious
jurisprudence with the pious personality of those days, Mr. Noor, and Shamsieh
and Mantiq (Logic) through an honourable personality named Mr. Ishraq. He
studied the books Lo’matein, Ma’alim, Qavanin and Safi Interpretation with a
great teacher of theology and devout person who was a true gnostic of his time,
the late Sheikh Muhammad Hassan Modarres every day after morning prayers.
During this period of education, as per his father’s strict
recommendation, he started learning philosophy with a reputable professor,
unique philosopher and great theologian and perfect devotee, the late Sheikh
Muhammad Ali Elahi whose wisdom allowed him to live in seclusion but his
spiritual illumination was extensive. The
total number of years during which Ostad Mousavi studied with the late Sheikh
Muhammad Ali Elahi was 21 years.
In addition to philosophy, wisdom and gnosis lessons, Ostad
Mousavi studied Makaseb wa Rasael (Faraid al-Usul) of Sheikh Ansari and the two
volumes of the Kefayat al-Usul of late Akhoond Khorasany and La'aly and
Manzoomeh of Haj Mulla Hadi Sabzevary with Haj Sheikh Muhammad Bagher Emami, an
esteemed knowledgeable personality who was one of the most prominent
theological figures of those days and one of the disciples of Seyyed Abdul
Hassan Esfahani, who undertook the management of the theological schools of
Kashmar, and thousands of ordinary and distinguished persons benefited being in
Ostad Mousavi studied in the theological school under the
supervision of different professors for a total of around 24 years. It should
also be said that he studied religious jurisprudence (Fiqh) and fundamentals of
principles (Usul) with prominent professors for five years and later studied Fiqh and Usul in Mashhad with other
However, what overshadowed all his scientific life was the seven
years during which he studied Mulla Sadra’s book, Asfar Arba‘a (The
Four Journeys) with devout scientist and theologian, Sheikh Muhammad Ali Elahi.
Thereafter, he studied Manzoomeh, Ishraq, and Tajrid for three
years and in addition benefited from his professor’s scientific and gnostic
Meanwhile, in order to receive a university certificate, after an
examination held in Sepahsalar School of those days and the present Ostad
Motahhari School he started studying along with a large number of clergies and
obtained his diploma and thereafter took part in the entrance examination to
the University for Religious Studies and was accepted.
After completion of his education in the University for Religious
Studies, which was previously called Maqul and Manqul (Reasons and Narrations),
Ostad Mousavi managed to achieve the highest degree in Arabic Literature and
Reasons and Narrations.
Ostad Mousavi has been researching for many years using scientific
reference books and original documents and his private library. In addition, he
has made use of Razavi Library in the holy city of Mashhad for many years and
many other famous libraries, such as late Malik’s library in Tehran and Tehran
University Library and also manuscripts from the Majlis library and other
sources and has presented the outcome of his scientific, philosophical, and
gnostic researches to his students.